Maritime Fire Fighting

MERT Task 2.0 Ship Borne Fire Fighting

MERT Task 2.0 is a comprehensive ship fire fighting training cycle that focuses solely on fighting fires.

This module is well sequenced and designed to step your crew members through progressive training, the aim to safely and aggressively attack and extinguish a fire – Confident & Competent crew member safely extinguishes a fire.

MERT  once again trains using best practice maritime fire fighting techniques that have been proven in a military environment.

Training Element 2.1: Employ Initial Response Immediate Actions:

At the completion of this Training Element 2.1 all students will be familiar with the nature of fires and will be able to correctly identify what is burning?  They will be capable of operating all portable fire extinguishers onboard your ship competently.

They will practice:

  • Raising the alarm
  • How to approach a fire inside the ship safely
  • Use the correct technique to extinguish a fire from a safe position
  • Correctly identify and operate a fire extinguisher for the class of fire
  • Practice escaping from a smoke filled compartment

(Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.1).

Students will attack a fire (Simulated using Smoke a Generator) using all the fire fighting safety knowledge and skills they have learned. This is an excellent training opportunity to combine theory and practical elements in a typical role play scenario.

PC 2.1.1: Demonstrate an Understanding of Fires:

  • Chemistry of Fires
  • Fire Triangle
  • Nature of Fires.

PC 2.1.2: Classify Fires

  • Class A Fire  Combustible Solid Fires – Wood, Paper
  • Class B Fire   Flammable Liquid Fires – Fuel, Oil
  • Class C Fire   Flammable Gas Fires – LPG
  • Class D Fire   Combustible Metal Fires – Magnesium
  • Class E Fire   Electrical Fires
  • Class F Fires Cooking Oils or Fat Fires

PC 2.1.3: Identify and Operate Portable Fire Appliances:

  • CO2 Fire Extinguishers
  • AFFF Fire Extinguishers,
  • Dry Powder Fire Extinguishers
  • Water Fire Extinguishers

PC 2.1.4: Practice Initial Response Immediate Actions:

  • Simulated
  • Raising the alarm
  • Initial response – Fast and safe response
  • Escape from smoke filled compartment
  • Closing down to limit smoke spreading

Training Element Assessment 2.1: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.1

Training Element 2.2: Operate Fire Fighting Equipment:

In this Element students will receive refresher training on all fire fighting equipment onboard their ship. This includes the wearing and operation of protective clothing and portable fire fighting equipment. This will give the students the confidence to wear and or operate various fire fighting appliances as competent crew members. Appliances covered will include:

PC 2.2.1: Operate fire fighting equipment

  • Ship Fire Main
  • Portable appliance – extinguishers
  • Hoses and various Nozzles/Branch
  • Foam – AFFF
  • Protective Clothing and equipment
  • Thermal Image Camera – Search and Rescue
  • Gas monitors – Multi Gas Alert – H2S, CO, Methane/Explosive Gases

Training Element Assessment 2.2: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.2

Training Element 2.3: Operate in a Fire Fighting Team

Students will revise their Initial Response Immediate Actions from Training Element 2.1 and will then receive training for the following Fire Fighting Teams. You will learn why and when these team compositions should be applied and what equipment to use. Once training for this element is completed there a Performance Assessment will be conducted:

PC 2.3.1: Operate in an Initial Attack Team

PC 2.3.2: Operate in a Two Man Attack Team

PC 2.3.3: Operate in a Four Man Attack Team

Training Element Assessment 2.3: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.3

Training Element 2.4: Identify Smoke Hazards

Prior to training PC will be required to evaluate your SOP procedures for escaping from smoke filled compartments.

All students will refresh the hazards associated with smoke.  Smoke inside a ship is a killer therefore effective smoke control is paramount.  All students will review and practice their escape procedures from a smoke filled compartment.

PC 2.4.1:

  • Identify Smoke Hazards.
  • Employ effective Smoke Control.
  • Apply crew smoke escape procedures.

Training Element Assessment 2.4: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.4

Training Element 2.5: Operate Breathing Apparatus

All students will learn or revise the safe use of BA.  They will practice Pre-wearer checks, wearing a BA safely and practical emergency drills if they have defective BA.  A Performance Assessment will apply for this Element.

PC 2.5.1:

  • Conduct Pre-Wearer BA Checks.
  • Apply BA Wearer Safety.
  • Apply Immediate Actions for BA equipment defects

Training Element Assessment 2.5 Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.5

Training Element 2.6: Demonstrate a Knowledge of Fixed Fire Fighting Systems

Students will receive either refresher or induction training on the Ships Fixed Fire Fighting Systems.

In this Element students will learn what needs to be done prior to activating a Fixed Fire Fighting System. They will practice operating the Drench System. (Touch drills only).

They will learn the importance of proving the compartment is clear, closing down correctly, power isolation, fuel trips and air dumps.  All students will become familiar with the SOP that details the Ships Drench System activation.

Students will practice how to check the Drench System has been activated.

They will also practice 4 Man Fire Team Re-Entry Procedures. Students will also learn to identify Hazards in that compartment and how to either remove or isolate theses dangers.

PC 2.6.1: Identify Fixed Fire Fighting Systems.

  • Water Spray Systems
  • Gaseous CO2/Halon
  • Potassium Carbonate
  • Fixed Foam – AFFF Systems
  • High Fog (Water Mist)
  • Chemical Mist (NOVEC)

PC 2.6.2: Apply Pre-Activation Procedures.

  • Compartment Clear of all personnel
  • Fully closed down
  • Power Isolation
  • Fuel and Air Isolations
  • Other isolation requirements IAW the Ships SOP
  • Command approval to activate

PC 2.6.3: Apply Post-Activation Procedures

  • Containment
  • Hazards
  • Environmental
  • Re-Entry

Training Element Assessment 2.6: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.6

Training Element 2.7: Apply Fire Containment

In this Element students will practice effective Boundary Cooling and the hazards associated with this responsibility.  They will learn how effective Boundary Cooling can limit the spread of Fires, Smoke and Toxic Gases.

PC 2.7.1: Operate as a member of the Containment Group

  • Identifying hazards to the Containment Group
  • Employing all round containment
  • Isolating Power
  • Fixed Foam – AFFF Systems
  • High Fog (Water Mist)
  • Chemical Mist (NOVEC)

Training Element Assessment 2.7: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.7

Training Element 2.8: Apply Post Fire Routines

Student will practice Post Fire Routines and familiarise themselves with the appropriate post fire processes.  Students will understand that Post Fire task will be the most time consuming part of a Fire Emergency Response.

PC 2.8.1: Apply Post Fire Routines

  • Fire Re-flash
  • Overhauling
  • Environment
  • Smoke Removal
  • Fire fighting water removal
  • Toxic Gas – Testing
  • Recover compartment
  • Damage assessment – effects on ships capability
  • Damage report
  • Other agencies – Roles Responsibilities

Training Element Assessment 2.8: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.8

 Training Element 2.9: Liaise with Local Emergency Agencies

PC will role play as the Local Area Fire Brigade (LAFB) responding to your ship on fire at a Port.  We will board the ship and meet with the Ships Incident Manager. Student will practice briefing the LAFB and where and how they could best provide effective use of their services.  They will practice giving the LAFB a detailed brief of the incident prior to handing control over to the LAFB or other emergency service.

PC 2.9.1: Brief the LAFB

  • Types of questions they will ask on arrival
  • How can they assist?
  • Take Control of the scene
  • Search and Rescue
  • Pumping
  • Containment
  • Effects of Free Surface Water – Stability

Training Element Assessment 2.9: Exercise MERT- ICULOUS 2.9

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